The fact that islands are isolated leads to very high endemism rates (i.e., the percentage of animal or plant species that don’t exist anywhere else), up to 9.5 times higher than that of continental areas. This remarkable biodiversity, whose future is intimately tied to that of human communities, is nevertheless fragile. Islands could shelter up to 40 percent of threatened and particularly endangered species. Biodiversity loss on Islands is linked to several phenomena, firstly to biological invasions, reinforced by the absence of predators or parasites for some species, the reduction of the size and distribution area of some specie populations and the low connectivity with nearby ecosystems, but also to the destruction and fragmentation of habitats, the overexploitation of certain resources (including fisheries), and pollution.

Climate change is aggravating these phenomena and impacting the resilience of islands and island communities (that is, their ability to recover from external disruptions): as they are geographically isolated, islands are more frequently exposed to extreme climatic conditions that are likely to degrade ecosystems which are extremely important to local species.

Island inhabitants are also very dependent on local natural resources and their unique biodiversity, which is both valuable and particularly fragile. The sustainable management of islands should therefor rely on methods which enable human activities to coexist with the protection of nature.

SMILO SMILO

SMALL ISLANDS
ORGANISATION

Bastide Beaumanoir
3 rue Marcel Arnaud
13100 Aix en Provence
Tel. +33 (0)4 42 91 64 22
secretariat@smilo-program.org

Cookies settings

×

Functional Cookies

Ce site utilise des cookies pour assurer son bon fonctionnement et ne peuvent pas être désactivés de nos systèmes. Nous ne les utilisons pas à des fins publicitaires. Si ces cookies sont bloqués, certaines parties du site ne pourront pas fonctionner.

Measure of audience

Ce site utilise des cookies de mesure et d’analyse d’audience, tels que Google Analytics et Google Ads, afin d’évaluer et d’améliorer notre site internet.

Interactive Content

Ce site utilise des composants tiers, tels que ReCAPTCHA, Google Maps, MailChimp ou Calameo, qui peuvent déposer des cookies sur votre machine. Si vous décider de bloquer un composant, le contenu ne s’affichera pas

Social Networks / Videos

Des plug-ins de réseaux sociaux et de vidéos, qui exploitent des cookies, sont présents sur ce site web. Ils permettent d’améliorer la convivialité et la promotion du site grâce à différentes interactions sociales.

Other cookies

Ce site web utilise un certain nombre de cookies pour gérer, par exemple, les sessions utilisateurs.

LOGOS   

Sitemap - Legal notice - Realized by Synapse - Accessibility