Small islands frequently lack fresh water, due to their small size, their topography, sparse vegetation, the scarcity of water sources or lack of rain. Furthermore, access to drinking water on Islands is very uneven, water quality can be altered by the intrusion of sea water into groundwater or by diffuse pollution related to unethical agricultural, domestic, or even touristic practices.

In the coastal regions of developing countries, up to 90% of wastewater is directly discharged into the oceans without being treated, it is often polluted with pathogens, chemical pollutants, pesticides, chemical fertilizers and other used hydrocarbons or oils, generating negative impacts both on the health of residents and on freshwater and marine environments.

A major issue for small islands, which need to develop innovative methods to reduce consumption, is to improve the availability of water and reduce this pollution.

SMILO SMILO

SMILO
Sustainable Islands

Bastide Beaumanoir
3 rue Marcel Arnaud
13100 Aix en Provence

Tel. +33 (0)4 42 91 64 22
secretariat@smilo-program.org

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